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Cellulose

The world is full of cellulose. Cellulose is the stuff plants are made of. It is a kind of sugar or carbohydrate that we cannot eat. These are stored in chain like structures called lignins.

Cellulose contains the basic building blocks of life Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen and a few metals like phosphorus, calcium, and boron.

How do plants make cellulose? They do so through a way called photosynthesis. We can call it solar cooking.

The greenery around us is not there without a reason. The green material is Chlorophyll, a protein that helps to absorb light energy from the sun.

The process always begins when energy from light is absorbed by proteins called reaction centres that contain green chlorophyll pigments. In plants, these proteins are held inside organelles called chloroplasts, which are most abundant in leaf cells, while in bacteria they are embedded in the plasma membrane. In these light-dependent reactions, some energy is used to strip electrons from suitable substances, such as water, producing oxygen gas.

In most cases, oxygen is also released as a waste product. Most plants, most algae, and cyanobacteria perform photosynthesis; such organisms are called photoautotrophs.

Photosynthesis is largely responsible for producing and maintaining the oxygen content of the Earth’s atmosphere, and supplies all of the organic compounds and most of the energy necessary for life on Earth.

Role of bio-protiens.

The hydrogen freed by the splitting of water is used in the creation of two further compounds that serve as short-term stores of energy, enabling its transfer to drive other reactions: these compounds are reduced to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy bearers of cells.

The first photosynthetic organisms evolved early in the evolutionary history of life and most likely used reducing agents such as hydrogen or hydrogen sulfide, rather than water, as sources of electrons.

Cyanobacteria appeared later; the excess oxygen they produced contributed directly to the oxygenation of the Earth, which rendered the evolution of complex life possible. Today, the average rate of energy capture by photosynthesis globally is approximately 130 terawatts, which is about three times the current power consumption of human civilization. Photosynthetic organisms also convert around 100–115 billion tonnes (91-104 petagrams) of carbon into biomass per year.

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Plantee® cellulosic nutrient and enzyme for better flowers

Plantee is a with ligno-cellulosic nitrogen based soil enzyme and nutrient for flowering plants. Plantee’s natural effect on plants yields better flowers that stay fresh for a longer time.

Plantee helps flower growers to earn higher returns on their produce. Flower growers in south Bengal who use Plantee get higher returns on their produce at auctions and local market sale.

Plantee’s benefits:

  • Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer than flowers grown with any other product.
  • • Plantee helps to produce healthy and robust saplings. Catalyses germination, opens leaf pores, enhances photosynthesis and root formation. Prevents and cures root and stem rot, and fungal attacks and builds immunity in the plant.

  • • Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.

  • • Plantee catalyses bacterial activity in soil, and aids the plant to effectively absorb essential nutrients from the soil.

  • • Plantee helps the plant to blossom and prevents untimely flower shedding.

  • • Plantee improves the flower’s form, colour, and fragrance. Increases flower yield.

Plantee is tested and certified in the laboratory and field by the Bose Institute in Calcutta, sponsored by the Indian Government’s Science and Technology Department, the Indian Government approved test laboratory Superintendence Company, West Bengal Government Agriculture Department Seed Farm, and the Indian Jute Industries Research Association. Plantee is a registered trademark and patented invention of Roy Research and Technology.

Dosage:
After planting the saplings, mix 10 ml Plantee per litre of water and spray or drip the saplings once every week.

Plantee is made by Roy Research and Technology
Kolkata – 700 006, India
Office Phone: 8910500180

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Plantee cellulosic anti-oxidant protects plants from climate change

Plantee protects plants from heat stress and dryness due to climate change and improves root growth and photo-sensitivity in plants for better yield of fruits and vegetables.

Plantee has a good prospect when agriculture is suffering because of heat.
Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.

PLANTEE INCREASES CROP DURABILITY IN A WARMING CLIMATE:
Roy Research and Technology has successfully grown Swarna rice using solely Plantee in Birbhum district of West Bengal, India. This rice was tested and found to have higher starch, carbohydrate and protein content. It also withstood stress situations like flooding and drought.
Plantee cellulosic anti-oxidant protects the plant from bacteria and fungus that cause stem and root rot by building immunity. Warm and wetter weather and flooding increases the spread of fungus and bacteria on plants and crops destroying crop yield.
Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.
PLANTEE CELLULOSIC ENZYMES HELP TO DEGRADE LIGNIN IN BIOMASS LITTER AIDING CARBON SEQUESTRATION IN SOIL.
The friendly micro-organisms are in fact soil bacteria which can engage in (a) production of nitrogen, (b) fixation of nitrogen and (c) cause mineral/metal chelation.
The novel growth-stimulating composting provides optimum soil health, ensures supply of balanced plant nutrients in the form of free protein(s) and trace minerals and provides a favorable environment for the nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
PLANTEE INCREASES CROP DURABILITY IN A WARMING CLIMATE:
Roy Research and Technology has successfully grown Swarna rice using solely Plantee in Birbhum district of West Bengal, India. This rice was tested and found to have higher starch, carbohydrate and protein content. It also withstood stress situations like flooding and drought.
Plantee protects the plant from bacteria and fungus that cause stem and root rot by building immunity. Warm and wetter weather and flooding increases the spread of fungus and bacteria on plants and crops destroying crop yield.
Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.
The Plantee products naturally synchronize with the soil biochemistry and eco-system and don’t require continuous fertilizer like the low-priced nitrogen and phosphate solutions in the guise of nutrients.
Most of the inorganic fertilizer used in agriculture is wasted in runoff to the ocean. The overall savings will be much more with Plantee because top soil will be produced in the sand or laterite soil.
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Learning in Entropy and the Material Morals of Waste

School creates an epistemological order among children. They primarily modify a child’s focus and behavior like factories manufacturing and assembling components on a linear particular conveyor in an assembly line.

They reduce entropy (disorder) and organize particular forms of order (value) among children in the name of learning patterns and language. They teach children particular methods of doing things like counting, describing and above all remembering.

But Nature is full of autonomous learning among the young, entropy or disorder in order, chaos among likeness, destruction in the process of creation and generation of life from decomposition of living cells. The sun’s gravitational field created multiple forms of life on Earth and the Earth’s gravitational field opposed that to create our atmosphere and oceanosphere.

What we learn from quantum physics is that learning itself is archaeological, be it human history or natural/cosmological phenomena.
The world and our understanding of it is granular and not continuous and in sameness, what we impose on the world, our categories are tinted by our everyday particular experience.

Learning happens in disorder, entropy, difference and error and not in order, rigour, sameness, and ritual.

Languages developed not in schools and universities but in the chaotic exchanges in human community and from filiation from mother to daughter and sister languages keeping to phonological roots like Proto-Indo-European. The process continues even in this age of linguistic identity poltics.

The lexical coda of languages and their development show the treasure trove of learning that languages are and they don’t exist in labelled containers like Latin or Kannada or Bengali.

For example the words nau and navis for a hollow object in like a stomach or boat are present in Latin, Kannada and Bengali. The word for sailor is navita in Latin and navik in Kannada and Bengali.

Languages flourish in temporal and semantic filiation but they also exist because of various differences and disorder. The human brain and tongue are the fascinating producers of language.

See this page for a comparative list of basic words in modern languages for an illustrative vocabulary of linguistic filiation and the encoding the history of the cognitive practise called learning.
https://en.m.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:List_of_Proto-Indo-European_nouns

Languages are histories of ourselves, narratives about ourselves and our past, loans from our memories to make sense of living the anticipation of our future.

The archaeology of our knowledge tells us about knowledge based on our experience of everything around us that influences our ideas, our familiarity about who we are and what we consume. Languages are genealogies of our ways of learning and remembering.

Waste and pollution are the outcomes of our ways of imposing durability and immortality on our material possessions that we attach value to and what we consume and materials we do not recycle or reuse.

But Nature’s order is one of destruction in the process of creation and generation of life from decomposition of living cells. Events that are eternal in their regularity but granular, different and temporal in their occurrence.

The ontology (our understanding of the existence) of materials in nature is an event and that things that seem eternal are also temporal events in their existence on a cosmological timescale.

The perfect example is that of stone in nature and the artificial attempt at mockery of stone – concrete. Nothing is eternal and infinite but just granular and finite.

Darwin foretold the future in the science of survival, extinction, and evolution but he didn’t know that his own species would seal it’s own fate through the economics of industrialization and were not instinctively moral like he believed…

Adam Smith anticipated this crisis in the ethics of value in his moral exhortations about human behavior in the theory of moral sentiments but I wonder if he applied Darwin’s theory to the ethics of self-interest in the wealth of nations?

The hydrocarbon fuelled civilization is headed inexorably on the road to autotelic extinction. No longer treasuring the autonomous nature of human cognition and behaviour but chained to the factory produced notion of value.

And thereby hangs the tale of value in our material morals in an industrial world. Waste is something that we no longer value or have no use for. Waste is the other in our consciousness, not the same as our wants. The term waste in industry is used for downstream material, nobody wants to buy or has any use for and put in landfills.

The real “value” of wealth is in the giving like plants “give” fruit that is “food” and regenerates once again into trees eternally. Value is not ordered or particular in economics and languages but more the disorder, chaos like the din of a market place or blurring in a pool of muddy water, more the dispersal of value in nature, more the thriving of Nature.

Only humans hoard things because of their notional familiarity and value or wealth.

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Topsoil Tale

The impact of the hydrocarbon economy on the soil ecology is having a devastating effect on agriculture and nutrition and in turn the economy. This type of agriculture is not sustainable.
The hydrocarbon fuelled civilization is headed inexorably on the road to extinction. Darwin foretold the future in the science of survival, extinction, and evolution but he didn’t know that his own species would screw it’s own fate through the economics of industrialization and were not instinctively moral like he believed…

Adam Smith saw this coming in his moral exhortations about human behavior in the theory of moral sentiments but I wonder if he applied Darwin’s theory to the ethics of self-interest in the wealth of nations?

Chemical fertilizers are making the top soil more saline and arid – this is evident in Bikaner on Rajasthan, Kutch, North West Karnataka and Midnapore District alongside the Bay of Bengal in India.

The manufacture of chemical fertilizer is an energy-intensive process, consuming non-renewable natural gas and releasing greenhouse gases. This type of agriculture is not sustainable.

Chemical fertilizers are making the top soil more saline – this is evident in Bikaner on Rajasthan, Kutch, North West Karnataka and Coastal Midnapore in India.
Nitrogen-based fertilizers are made from ammonia, which consumes five per cent of the natural gas produced globally.

Natural Gas is a non-renewable resource and generates the greenhouse gas – carbon containing methane when nitrogen is extracted from it. Methane is emitted during the production of fertilizer.

This quantity of natural gas amounts to two per cent of the total energy consumed globally.
The chemical fertilizer run-off from the fields increases the nutrient levels in lakes and rivers and results in a spurt in algal blooms causing marine eutrophication.
These algae may take up all of the oxygen from the water and thus ruin other marine life. The residual nitrate leaches into the groundwater increasing nitrate concentrations above the permissible level.
Urea and DAP fertilizers make soil acidic. Plantee aids soil pigmentation and restores the soil’s natural appearance discoloured by fertilizer.
Renewable nitrogen fertilizer replaces the non-renewable nitrogen derived from natural gas used to produce urea and DAP fertilizer.
PLANTEE CELLULOSIC ENZYMES HELP TO DEGRADE LIGNIN IN BIOMASS LITTER AIDING CARBON SEQUESTRATION IN SOIL AND TOPSOIL IN ARID AND DESERT SAND.
The friendly micro-organisms are in fact soil bacteria and fungus, which can engage in (a) production of nitrogen, (b) fixation of nitrogen and (c) cause mineral/metal chelation.
The growth-stimulating composting provides optimum soil health, ensures supply of balanced plant nutrients in the form of free protein(s) and trace minerals and provides a favorable environment for the nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
PLANTEE CELLULOSIC ENZYMESINCREASES CROP DURABILITY IN A WARMING CLIMATE:
Roy Research and Technology has successfully grown Swarna rice using solely Plantee in Birbhum district of West Bengal, India. This rice was tested and found to have higher starch, carbohydrate and protein content. It also withstood stress situations like flooding and drought.
Plantee protects the plant from bacteria and fungus that cause stem and root rot by building immunity. Warm and wetter weather and flooding increases the spread of fungus and bacteria on plants and crops destroying crop yield.
Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.

Plantee protects plants from heat stress and dryness due to climate change and improves root growth and photo-sensitivity in plants for better yield of fruits and vegetables.

Plantee has a very good prospect when agriculture is suffering because of heat.

Plantee naturally synchronizes with the soil biochemistry and eco-system and don’t require continuous fertilizer like the low-priced nitrogen and phosphate solutions in the guise of nutrients.

Most of the inorganic fertilizer used in agriculture is wasted in runoff to the ocean. The overall savings will be much more with Plantee because top soil will be produced in the sand or laterite soil.
We have been working on soil eco-system and bio-chemistry for almost 50 years now starting in California USA in the 1960s.

Roy Research and Technology

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Pioneering bio-chemistry for over 40 years.

Polymers and Cellulosic Polymers from Bio-refining to Oil refining – clean technology for zero-waste manufacturing and agriculture.

Roy Research and Technology.