Categories
Uncategorized

Renewable Nitrogen Soil Conditoner

Plantee is the high yielding cellulose-based based renewable and clean nitrogen fertilizer and ligno-cellulosic soil conditioner that has natural nitrogen, bio-proteins, and naturally occurring iron, zinc, copper, boron, and phosphorus.
Renewable nitrogen fertilizer replaces the non-renewable nitrogen derived from natural gas used to produce urea and DAP fertilizer.
The food we eat depends on the dirtiest sources of nitrogen – natural gas – the raw material for making chemical fertilizers. Natural Gas is a non-renewable resource and generates the greenhouse gas – methane when nitrogen is extracted from it.

Plantee increases crop durability and yield

Roy Research and Technology has successfully grown Swarna rice using solely Plantee in Birbhum district of West Bengal, India. This rice was tested and found to have higher starch, carbohydrate and protein content. It also withstood stress situations like flooding and drought.
Plantee protects the plant from bacteria and fungus that cause stem and root rot by building immunity. Warm and wetter weather and flooding increases the spread of fungus and bacteria on plants and crops destroying crop yield.
Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.

Plant Nutrition

Many microorganisms in soil and water carry a negative charge, which enables them to attract nutrients and to move freely about humus and clay colloids with cation exchange capacity.
The positively charged particles attract the humus particles. The symbiotic rhizobia and mycorrhizal fungi on the roots of the plants through ion exchange transfer the nutrient particles to the root during photosynthesis in the presence of sunlight.

Soil Conditioning

Plantee conditions soils like red soil, laterite soil, alluvial soil, sandy soil and black cotton soil by providing naturally occurring calcium, phosphorus, boron, zinc and lignocellulosic bio-protein with organic matter (OM), and dissolved oxygen and nitrogen.

Plant root growth by lignified Plantee Aqua Powder soil enricher

Roots of Swarna rice plant grown with Plantee near Santiniketan in Birbhum District, West Bengal

Biomass fertilizer Plantee replaces chemical fertilizer

The manufacture of chemical fertilizer is an energy-intensive process, consuming non-renewable natural gas and releasing greenhouse gases like Carbon Dioxide, Nitrous Oxide and Methane.
Nitrogen-based fertilizers are made from ammonia, which consumes five per cent of the natural gas produced globally. This quantity of natural gas amounts to two per cent of the total energy consumed globally. Methane is emitted during the production of fertilizer.
The chemical fertilizer run-off from the fields increases the nutrient levels in lakes and rivers and results in a spurt in algal blooms causing marine eutrophication.
These algae may take up all of the oxygen from the water and thus ruin other marine life. The residual nitrate leaches into the groundwater increasing nitrate concentrations above the permissible level. Urea and DAP fertilizers make soil acidic. Plantee aids soil pigmentation and restores the soil’s natural appearance discoloured by fertilizer.
Plantee Renewable Nitrogen Fertilizer Credentials
Plantee is tested by the Bose Institute in Calcutta, India which is sponsored by the Indian Government’s Science and Technology Department and by the Superintendence Company. Plantee is also tested and approved by the Midnapore District Seed Farm and W.B.A.I.C. Farm in Tarakeswar, Hooghly District, West Bengal, India. Plantee is a registered trademark and is an invention under several patents of Roy Research and Technology.

Article prepared by Roy Research and Technology based on field observations obtained continuously since the 1990s. Plantee is a registered trademark of roy Research and Technology.

Web https://royresearch.com Phone: +918910500180 Mail info@royresearch.com

Categories
Energy Efficiency Renewable Energy Semi-conductor

Semi-conductor for Solar Energy

Energy powers civilization in every step. The greatest quantum of electric energy is generated from climate warming coal and natural gas fired thermal steam turbines because the steam engine turning a dynamo is the legacy of the industrial revolution.

Roy Research and Technology has developed a electrically and electronically conductive semi-conductor. A clean and natural semi-conducting material to generate clean electromotive force at a low cost. A quantum dynamo to generate solar electricity and capacitor for energy storage.

The Semiconductor is a unique radiation absorber with the capacity to absorb electromagnetic radiation from any source. The semiconductor absorbs electromagnetic and radio frequency radiation. The semiconductor has a radiation shielding property.

The major application for the semiconductor is to produce photo-electricity from the sun in solar panels, concrete bricks and panels. The semiconductor has a capacitor property to store charge and act as a battery.
The Semiconductor material is more efficient than silicon chips that are doped (impurities introduced) to enable them to conduct electrons. The electricity generated from a particular surface area is higher than a similar solar panel or tile. The return on investment will be much greater with the Semiconductor.
The most important point is the cost of production. The Semiconductor costs much less than a conventional silicon panel or tile.

The semiconductor powered road can emit ​charge ​for​ ​electric​ ​battery​ ​vehicles​ ​to​ ​charge​ from the road surface ​while​ ​traveling. Another application is the wireless​ ​charging of electronic devices.

The semiconductor can warm and ​melt​ ​ice​ ​on​ ​road​ ​surface​.​

Categories
Uncategorized

Renewable cold process bricks and panels from waste and soil

Roy Research and Technology has developed a unique process to u bio-se char and fly-ash for lightweight panel, building blocks, bricks etc. Through its proprietary eco-bonded binding technology with double bond carbonated poly calcium silicate formation. This technology eliminates toxicity and breath-ability factor. Thus having the potential as a good building material, while offsetting about millions tones of bio-char from bio-char culture, pulverized ash annually produce in India by the numerous thermal power station, also from other agro waste.

 

This technology allows various type of clays, soils, agro waste based bio-char ash lignin etc. to make green building blocks bricks and panels. The technology proves not only scope of utilization of huge volume of various grades of fly-ash but also reduces precious agricultural top soil and consumption of coal in making conventional clay bricks. Also, this eliminates the drying system of bricks through brick kilns.

 

Panels, blocks, bricks have gotten pleasing bright gray colors and other Eco-friendly color can be cooperated.   Also they are uniform in shape and smooth in finish. Also they require no plastering. They are of dense composition uniformly shaped. They are lighter in weight than the conventional one and less porous too and total replacement of conventional brick.

 

So far the brick making is concerned, a continuous unit of 10,000 – 50,000 bricks production per day per shift with 65% to 70% *bio-ash loading with average weight approximate 2.0 Kg to 2.5 Kg. R & D and also infrastructure are extra. Regarding block with male / female grove which is larger than conventional brick will weight around 3 Kg. Single Block making machine through the internal combustion engine without electric facility can produce1500 – 2000 blocks per day per shift with 70% – 80% bio-ash loading factor.

*BIO-ASH A PROPRIETORY INTERPERTICALE SYNERGESTIC MUDDING SYSTEM OF ROY RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY.

 

 

 

Typical observation test data of blocks and bricks based on poly fly ash as following:

 

 

TEST RESULT FOR MODIFIED ‘ECO-BOND’ BLOCKS

 

Blocks weight

5 – 7 kg either with 1. Fly ash extended 2. Red soil extended 3. Fly ash and bio char extended.

Serial No. Sample Reference Average Dimension

L X B X H in mm

Maximum

Load in KN

Area in mm2

2 X L X B

Compressive strength in

N/mm2

Water

Absorption

In %

Note: This is to note that the crushing strength of interlocking blocks aided by modified Co-bond is on an average 230.76 Kg/cm2 after a 28 day cure.

The standard building requirement is 125 Kg. per m.

The blocks are made by incorporating fly ash along with modified co-bonding within 24 hrs. The strength becomes 27 Kg. per Sq. cm. in 28 days.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1. MIX – 1

CO – 001

Kg/cm2

S – 1

225 X 50 X 116 123 22500 12.5 2.25
2. MIX – 1

CO – 001

Kg/cm2

S – 1

225 X 50 X 116 133 22500 12.5

Avg. 12.5

3.22

Avg. 2.73

 

Categories
Artificial Timber

Artificial Timber

Timber that looks and feels like wood

Wood is warm, earthy, and feels good to the touch. That is why, wood substitutes in furniture like plastic or metal, or in flooring like ceramic tiles, for instance, never feel the same.
The artificial wood innovated by Roy Research and Technology is, hence, a winner, because it feels and looks like wood. And, just as wood has different textures and colours, so can RRT’s invention be easily varied to mimic different types of natural wood and have similar grain, texture, and appearance.
Roy Research and Technology’s artificial timber is better than other wood substitutes, because:

  • it can be made in the form of blocks, beams, and panel. Just as wood can be cut into various sizes and shapes, our artificial timber can be re-sized for various uses in furniture, flooring, or even construction.
  • its density can be changed, that is, it can be made heavier/stronger or lighter. Depending on what it is going to be used for, RRT’s artificial timber panels can be made to strong enough to take on huge loads or light enough for a baby’s cot.
  • it resembles and feels like natural timber in grain and colour. Any natural wood finish can be arrived at to present an authentic appearance.
  • it can be sawed and painted on. It can also be carved on and made into door or wall panels with elaborate designs, for instance.
  • it has nail and screw holding capacity.
  • it is a good thermal insulator, it helps retain heat in wood houses. Wood flooring is very common in colder countries, because it helps trap heat apart from the aesthetic value. Artificial wood serves both purposes. Finally, just like natural wood, artificial wood is bio-degradable and can be powdered and disposed off safely.

Roy Research and Technology’s artificial timber resembles natural wood, but apart from that, it has several advantages that natural wood lacks:

  • Termite-proof/borer-resistant.
  • Retards fire. RRT’s innovation, artificial wood, is not inflammable. This quality is one of its greatest strengths when compared to natural wood. So, the artificial wood can be safely used indoors as well as in industrial uses.
  • Is buoyant, helps make boats and other floating devices. Also, as its density can be changed, too, it is ideal material for building boats.
  • Resistant against the action of hot water and chemicals including salts, acids, and bases. This makes it ideal in use even in industrial settings as flooring or paneling.
  • Does not rot.

Artificial wood does not wear out quickly and is built for life: it doesn’t catch fire cannot be eaten away by termites. Roy Research and Technology’s artificial wood is one of the best examples of sustainable technology. It is a clean and green product that helps earn carbon credits. It satisfies the pollution prevention hierarchy (see image to the left) identified by the Environmental Protection Agency.
That is, first and foremost, it prevents environmental pollution that is caused by fly ash lying around. It also re-uses and recycles industrial waste and converts it into a product with economic value.
Our artificial timber invention prevents pollution in another way: it prevents widespread deforestation as it is a wood substitute that can be made available anywhere and costs much lesser than wood. Thus, by creating a brilliant replacement for a threatened esource, RRT’s artificial wood has the potential to minimize or avert ecological disaster.
The raw material for the artificial timber can be not only fly ash, but also silica, red mud, etc. And, as some sort of waste or the other is readily available anywhere in the world, it means that the technology has practical applications globally. Being able to produce artificial wood locally, there is no expensive procurement of raw material involved, thus adding to its ‘sustainable’ value.
Also, the manufacturing process of artificial wood, too, is environmentally compatible, for the following reasons:
Land requirement of just 10-15 acres for a standard plant
Low energy and water requirement
No emission of heat or pollutants of any sort
Cheaper to produce than rubber wood or plywood
Microbial grain former locally sourced raw materials.
Finally, the artificial timber has no disposal problems.
Thus, from start to finish, artificial timber adheres to the ideals of sustainable technology.
Copyright Roy Research and Technology 2017 http://www.royresearch.com

Categories
Uncategorized

Renewable Nitrogen Fertilizer

Plantee® is the high yielding cellulose-based based renewable and clean nitrogen fertilizer and soil conditioner that has natural nitrogen, bio-proteins, and naturally occurring iron, zinc, copper, boron, and phosphorous.

Renewable nitrogen fertilizer replaces the non-renewable nitrogen derived from natural gas used to produce urea and DAP fertilizer.

The food we eat depends on the dirtiest sources of nitrogen – natural gas – the raw material for making chemical fertilizers. Natural Gas is a non-renewable resource and generates the greenhouse gas – methane when nitrogen is extracted from it.

Biomass fertilizer replaces chemical fertilizer

The manufacture of chemical fertilizer is an energy-intensive process, consuming non-renewable natural gas and releasing greenhouse gases like Carbon Dioxide, Nitrous Oxide and Methane.

Nitrogen-based fertilizers are made from ammonia, which consumes five per cent of the natural gas produced globally. This quantity of natural gas amounts to two per cent of the total energy consumed globally. Methane is emitted during the production of fertilizer.

The chemical fertilizer run-off from the fields increases the nutrient levels in lakes and rivers and results in a spurt in algal blooms causing marine eutrophication.

These algae may take up all of the oxygen from the water and thus ruin other marine life. The residual nitrate leaches into the groundwater increasing nitrate concentrations above the permissible level.

Urea and DAP fertilizers make soil acidic. Plantee aids soil pigmentation and restores the soil’s natural appearance discoloured by fertilizer.

Plantee increases crop durability and yield

Roy Research and Technology has successfully grown Swarna rice using solely Plantee in Birbhum district of West Bengal, India. This rice was tested and found to have higher starch, carbohydrate and protein content. It also withstood stress situations like flooding and drought.

Plantee protects the plant from bacteria and fungus that cause stem and root rot by building immunity. Warm and wetter weather and flooding increases the spread of fungus and bacteria on plants and crops destroying crop yield.

Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.

Biorefining Biomass fertilizer to ethanol

Biomass Fertilizer Plantee’s natural effect on plant cellulose yields higher and better quality bio-mass sugar value for the production of more ethanol from the same quantity of biomass.

If the biomass used to produce ethanol is cultivated with hydrocarbon-based fertilizers, it defeats the purpose of producing renewable energy.

The manufacture of chemical fertilizers consumes about 5 per cent of the natural gas produced globally. The cost of Natural Gas makes up 90% of the cost of producing ammonia – used to make nitrogen compounds used in chemical fertilizers.

Plantee replaces fertilizer nitrogen feed-stock from fossil fuel to cellulosic biomass source to create a true renewable nitrogen resource in the agricultural food chain.

The inputs used to grow the biomass feed-stock to produce ethanol should be renewable to make the whole process is sustainable. Using non-renewable inputs to produce renewable products will cause the same environmental and ethical problems that we have been enduring with conventional agriculture and energy.

Biomass Fertilizer Plantee maintains the principle of the conservation of energy because it transfers renewable hydrocarbons and nitrogen from the biomass raw materials to produce fine high sugar value Biomass feed-stock to produce ethanol.

Renewable Nitrogen Fertilizer Credentials

Plantee is tested by the Bose Institute in Calcutta, India which is sponsored by the Indian Government’s Science and Technology Department and by the Superintendence Company. Plantee is also tested and approved by the Midnapore District Seed Farm and W.B.A.I.C. Farm in Tarakeswar, Hooghly District, West Bengal, India. Plantee is a registered trademark and is an invention under several patents of Roy Research and Technology.

Categories
Agriculture

Biomass Fertilizer to Biomass Ethanol

Renewable Fertilizer for Renewable Energy

Biomass Fertilizer Plantee’s natural effect on plant cellulose yields higher and better quality biomass sugar value for the production of more ethanol from the same quantity of biomass.

If the biomass used to produce ethanol is cultivated with hydrocarbon-based fertilizers, it defeats the purpose of producing renewable energy. The inputs used to grow the biomass should be renewable so that the whole process is sustainable. Using non-renewable inputs to produce renewable products will cause the same environmental and ethical problems that we have been enduring with conventional agriculture and energy.

Biomass Fertilizer Plantee keeps to the spirit of the principle of the conservation of energy because it transfers renewable hydrocarbons and nitrogen from Biomass raw materials to produce fine high sugar value Biomass feedstock to produce ethanol.