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Energy Efficiency Renewable Energy Semi-conductor

Semi-conductor for Solar Energy

Energy powers civilization in every step. The greatest quantum of electric energy is generated from climate warming coal and natural gas fired thermal steam turbines because the steam engine turning a dynamo is the legacy of the industrial revolution.

Roy Research and Technology has developed a electrically and electronically conductive semi-conductor. A clean and natural semi-conducting material to generate clean electromotive force at a low cost. A quantum dynamo to generate solar electricity and capacitor for energy storage.

The Semiconductor is a unique radiation absorber with the capacity to absorb electromagnetic radiation from any source. The semiconductor absorbs electromagnetic and radio frequency radiation. The semiconductor has a radiation shielding property.

The major application for the semiconductor is to produce photo-electricity from the sun in solar panels, concrete bricks and panels. The semiconductor has a capacitor property to store charge and act as a battery.
The Semiconductor material is more efficient than silicon chips that are doped (impurities introduced) to enable them to conduct electrons. The electricity generated from a particular surface area is higher than a similar solar panel or tile. The return on investment will be much greater with the Semiconductor.
The most important point is the cost of production. The Semiconductor costs much less than a conventional silicon panel or tile.

The semiconductor powered road can emit ​charge ​for​ ​electric​ ​battery​ ​vehicles​ ​to​ ​charge​ from the road surface ​while​ ​traveling. Another application is the wireless​ ​charging of electronic devices.

The semiconductor can warm and ​melt​ ​ice​ ​on​ ​road​ ​surface​.​

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Artificial Timber

Artificial Timber

Timber that looks and feels like wood

Wood is warm, earthy, and feels good to the touch. That is why, wood substitutes in furniture like plastic or metal, or in flooring like ceramic tiles, for instance, never feel the same.
The artificial wood innovated by Roy Research and Technology is, hence, a winner, because it feels and looks like wood. And, just as wood has different textures and colours, so can RRT’s invention be easily varied to mimic different types of natural wood and have similar grain, texture, and appearance.
Roy Research and Technology’s artificial timber is better than other wood substitutes, because:

  • it can be made in the form of blocks, beams, and panel. Just as wood can be cut into various sizes and shapes, our artificial timber can be re-sized for various uses in furniture, flooring, or even construction.
  • its density can be changed, that is, it can be made heavier/stronger or lighter. Depending on what it is going to be used for, RRT’s artificial timber panels can be made to strong enough to take on huge loads or light enough for a baby’s cot.
  • it resembles and feels like natural timber in grain and colour. Any natural wood finish can be arrived at to present an authentic appearance.
  • it can be sawed and painted on. It can also be carved on and made into door or wall panels with elaborate designs, for instance.
  • it has nail and screw holding capacity.
  • it is a good thermal insulator, it helps retain heat in wood houses. Wood flooring is very common in colder countries, because it helps trap heat apart from the aesthetic value. Artificial wood serves both purposes. Finally, just like natural wood, artificial wood is bio-degradable and can be powdered and disposed off safely.

Roy Research and Technology’s artificial timber resembles natural wood, but apart from that, it has several advantages that natural wood lacks:

  • Termite-proof/borer-resistant.
  • Retards fire. RRT’s innovation, artificial wood, is not inflammable. This quality is one of its greatest strengths when compared to natural wood. So, the artificial wood can be safely used indoors as well as in industrial uses.
  • Is buoyant, helps make boats and other floating devices. Also, as its density can be changed, too, it is ideal material for building boats.
  • Resistant against the action of hot water and chemicals including salts, acids, and bases. This makes it ideal in use even in industrial settings as flooring or paneling.
  • Does not rot.

Artificial wood does not wear out quickly and is built for life: it doesn’t catch fire cannot be eaten away by termites. Roy Research and Technology’s artificial wood is one of the best examples of sustainable technology. It is a clean and green product that helps earn carbon credits. It satisfies the pollution prevention hierarchy (see image to the left) identified by the Environmental Protection Agency.
That is, first and foremost, it prevents environmental pollution that is caused by fly ash lying around. It also re-uses and recycles industrial waste and converts it into a product with economic value.
Our artificial timber invention prevents pollution in another way: it prevents widespread deforestation as it is a wood substitute that can be made available anywhere and costs much lesser than wood. Thus, by creating a brilliant replacement for a threatened esource, RRT’s artificial wood has the potential to minimize or avert ecological disaster.
The raw material for the artificial timber can be not only fly ash, but also silica, red mud, etc. And, as some sort of waste or the other is readily available anywhere in the world, it means that the technology has practical applications globally. Being able to produce artificial wood locally, there is no expensive procurement of raw material involved, thus adding to its ‘sustainable’ value.
Also, the manufacturing process of artificial wood, too, is environmentally compatible, for the following reasons:
Land requirement of just 10-15 acres for a standard plant
Low energy and water requirement
No emission of heat or pollutants of any sort
Cheaper to produce than rubber wood or plywood
Microbial grain former locally sourced raw materials.
Finally, the artificial timber has no disposal problems.
Thus, from start to finish, artificial timber adheres to the ideals of sustainable technology.
Copyright Roy Research and Technology 2017 http://www.royresearch.com

Categories
Agriculture

Biomass Fertilizer to Biomass Ethanol

Renewable Fertilizer for Renewable Energy

Biomass Fertilizer Plantee’s natural effect on plant cellulose yields higher and better quality biomass sugar value for the production of more ethanol from the same quantity of biomass.

If the biomass used to produce ethanol is cultivated with hydrocarbon-based fertilizers, it defeats the purpose of producing renewable energy. The inputs used to grow the biomass should be renewable so that the whole process is sustainable. Using non-renewable inputs to produce renewable products will cause the same environmental and ethical problems that we have been enduring with conventional agriculture and energy.

Biomass Fertilizer Plantee keeps to the spirit of the principle of the conservation of energy because it transfers renewable hydrocarbons and nitrogen from Biomass raw materials to produce fine high sugar value Biomass feedstock to produce ethanol.

Categories
Agriculture Uncategorized

Agriculture and Climate Change

“Climate change will pose sharp risks to the world’s food supply in coming decades, potentially undermining crop production and driving up prices at a time when the demand for food is expected to soar, scientists have found”,  – The New York Times: “Climate Change Seen Posing Risk to Food Supplies”

The manufacture of chemical fertilizer is an energy-intensive process, consuming non-renewable natural gas and releasing greenhouse gases like Carbon Dioxide, Nitrous Oxide and Methane. Nitrogen-based fertilizers are made from ammonia, which consumes five per cent of the natural gas produced globally. This quantity of natural gas amounts to two per cent of the total energy consumed globally.

Plantee Renewable Nitrogen fertilizer replaces chemical fertilizers and stops the emission of greenhouse gases emitted during the production of chemical fertilizers.  Plantee biomass fertilizer is a renewable resource and helps reduce global warming.

Agriculture is one of the major causes of pollution. The indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers has not only resulted in reduced agricultural productivity, but also in pollution of groundwater resources and marine eutrophication.  Urea and DAP fertilizers make soil acidic.

Plantee aids soil pigmentation and restores the soil’s natural appearance discoloured by chemical fertilizer over use. The chemical fertilizer run-off from the fields increases the nutrient levels in lakes and rivers and results in a spurt in algal blooms. These algae may take up all of the oxygen from the water and thus ruin other marine life. Also, leaching of the residual nitrate in groundwater has resulted in nitrate concentrations above the permissible level.

Plantee increases crop durability and yield and can be the answer to world hunger: 

Roy Research and Technology has successfully grown Swarna rice using solely Plantee in Birbhum district of West Bengal, India. This rice was tested and found to have higher starch, carbohydrate and protein content. It also withstood stress situations like flooding and drought.

Plantee protects the plant from bacteria and fungus that cause stem and root rot by building immunity. Warm and wetter weather and flooding increases the spread of fungus and bacteria on plants and crops destroying crop yield.

Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.

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Uncategorized

Industrial Waste to Resource

Roy Research and Technology has invented a technology to recycle waste like asphalt or coal tar and solid waste to make products. Bitumen as asphalt or coal tar is available as bottom waste from petroleum refinery and steel industries. The process recovers hydrocarbons from left over asphaltic tar sand and converts them to products.

Recycle waste from petroleum refinery and steel industry to make :

  1. improving  the flotation and buoyancy of ships
  2. lightweight insulated and  sandwich panel
  3. insulated solar backing
  4. filler material for hollow structural   section
  5. encapsulation of nuclear waste
  6. building insulation
  7. composite material as bulletproof vest
  8. spray blanketing material for coal powder or mineral powder/stone chips during transportation.
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Uncategorized

Cellulose

The world is full of cellulose. Cellulose is the stuff plants are made of. It is a kind of sugar or carbohydrate that we cannot eat. These are stored in chain like structures called lignins.

Cellulose contains the basic building blocks of life Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen and a few metals like phosphorus, calcium, and boron.

How do plants make cellulose? They do so through a way called photosynthesis. We can call it solar cooking.

The greenery around us is not there without a reason. The green material is Chlorophyll, a protein that helps to absorb light energy from the sun.

The process always begins when energy from light is absorbed by proteins called reaction centres that contain green chlorophyll pigments. In plants, these proteins are held inside organelles called chloroplasts, which are most abundant in leaf cells, while in bacteria they are embedded in the plasma membrane. In these light-dependent reactions, some energy is used to strip electrons from suitable substances, such as water, producing oxygen gas.

In most cases, oxygen is also released as a waste product. Most plants, most algae, and cyanobacteria perform photosynthesis; such organisms are called photoautotrophs.

Photosynthesis is largely responsible for producing and maintaining the oxygen content of the Earth’s atmosphere, and supplies all of the organic compounds and most of the energy necessary for life on Earth.

Role of bio-protiens.

The hydrogen freed by the splitting of water is used in the creation of two further compounds that serve as short-term stores of energy, enabling its transfer to drive other reactions: these compounds are reduced to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the energy bearers of cells.

The first photosynthetic organisms evolved early in the evolutionary history of life and most likely used reducing agents such as hydrogen or hydrogen sulfide, rather than water, as sources of electrons.

Cyanobacteria appeared later; the excess oxygen they produced contributed directly to the oxygenation of the Earth, which rendered the evolution of complex life possible. Today, the average rate of energy capture by photosynthesis globally is approximately 130 terawatts, which is about three times the current power consumption of human civilization. Photosynthetic organisms also convert around 100–115 billion tonnes (91-104 petagrams) of carbon into biomass per year.

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Plantee® cellulosic nutrient and enzyme for better flowers

Plantee is a with ligno-cellulosic nitrogen based soil enzyme and nutrient for flowering plants. Plantee’s natural effect on plants yields better flowers that stay fresh for a longer time.

Plantee helps flower growers to earn higher returns on their produce. Flower growers in south Bengal who use Plantee get higher returns on their produce at auctions and local market sale.

Plantee’s benefits:

  • Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer than flowers grown with any other product.
  • • Plantee helps to produce healthy and robust saplings. Catalyses germination, opens leaf pores, enhances photosynthesis and root formation. Prevents and cures root and stem rot, and fungal attacks and builds immunity in the plant.

  • • Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.

  • • Plantee catalyses bacterial activity in soil, and aids the plant to effectively absorb essential nutrients from the soil.

  • • Plantee helps the plant to blossom and prevents untimely flower shedding.

  • • Plantee improves the flower’s form, colour, and fragrance. Increases flower yield.

Plantee is tested and certified in the laboratory and field by the Bose Institute in Calcutta, sponsored by the Indian Government’s Science and Technology Department, the Indian Government approved test laboratory Superintendence Company, West Bengal Government Agriculture Department Seed Farm, and the Indian Jute Industries Research Association. Plantee is a registered trademark and patented invention of Roy Research and Technology.

Dosage:
After planting the saplings, mix 10 ml Plantee per litre of water and spray or drip the saplings once every week.

Plantee is made by Roy Research and Technology
Kolkata – 700 006, India
Office Phone: 8910500180

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Uncategorized

Plantee cellulosic anti-oxidant protects plants from climate change

Plantee protects plants from heat stress and dryness due to climate change and improves root growth and photo-sensitivity in plants for better yield of fruits and vegetables.

Plantee has a good prospect when agriculture is suffering because of heat.
Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.

PLANTEE INCREASES CROP DURABILITY IN A WARMING CLIMATE:
Roy Research and Technology has successfully grown Swarna rice using solely Plantee in Birbhum district of West Bengal, India. This rice was tested and found to have higher starch, carbohydrate and protein content. It also withstood stress situations like flooding and drought.
Plantee cellulosic anti-oxidant protects the plant from bacteria and fungus that cause stem and root rot by building immunity. Warm and wetter weather and flooding increases the spread of fungus and bacteria on plants and crops destroying crop yield.
Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.
PLANTEE CELLULOSIC ENZYMES HELP TO DEGRADE LIGNIN IN BIOMASS LITTER AIDING CARBON SEQUESTRATION IN SOIL.
The friendly micro-organisms are in fact soil bacteria which can engage in (a) production of nitrogen, (b) fixation of nitrogen and (c) cause mineral/metal chelation.
The novel growth-stimulating composting provides optimum soil health, ensures supply of balanced plant nutrients in the form of free protein(s) and trace minerals and provides a favorable environment for the nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
PLANTEE INCREASES CROP DURABILITY IN A WARMING CLIMATE:
Roy Research and Technology has successfully grown Swarna rice using solely Plantee in Birbhum district of West Bengal, India. This rice was tested and found to have higher starch, carbohydrate and protein content. It also withstood stress situations like flooding and drought.
Plantee protects the plant from bacteria and fungus that cause stem and root rot by building immunity. Warm and wetter weather and flooding increases the spread of fungus and bacteria on plants and crops destroying crop yield.
Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.
The Plantee products naturally synchronize with the soil biochemistry and eco-system and don’t require continuous fertilizer like the low-priced nitrogen and phosphate solutions in the guise of nutrients.
Most of the inorganic fertilizer used in agriculture is wasted in runoff to the ocean. The overall savings will be much more with Plantee because top soil will be produced in the sand or laterite soil.
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Uncategorized

Learning in Entropy and the Material Morals of Waste

School creates an epistemological order among children. They primarily modify a child’s focus and behavior like factories manufacturing and assembling components on a linear particular conveyor in an assembly line.

They reduce entropy (disorder) and organize particular forms of order (value) among children in the name of learning patterns and language. They teach children particular methods of doing things like counting, describing and above all remembering.

But Nature is full of autonomous learning among the young, entropy or disorder in order, chaos among likeness, destruction in the process of creation and generation of life from decomposition of living cells. The sun’s gravitational field created multiple forms of life on Earth and the Earth’s gravitational field opposed that to create our atmosphere and oceanosphere.

What we learn from quantum physics is that learning itself is archaeological, be it human history or natural/cosmological phenomena.
The world and our understanding of it is granular and not continuous and in sameness, what we impose on the world, our categories are tinted by our everyday particular experience.

Learning happens in disorder, entropy, difference and error and not in order, rigour, sameness, and ritual.

Languages developed not in schools and universities but in the chaotic exchanges in human community and from filiation from mother to daughter and sister languages keeping to phonological roots like Proto-Indo-European. The process continues even in this age of linguistic identity poltics.

The lexical coda of languages and their development show the treasure trove of learning that languages are and they don’t exist in labelled containers like Latin or Kannada or Bengali.

For example the words nau and navis for a hollow object in like a stomach or boat are present in Latin, Kannada and Bengali. The word for sailor is navita in Latin and navik in Kannada and Bengali.

Languages flourish in temporal and semantic filiation but they also exist because of various differences and disorder. The human brain and tongue are the fascinating producers of language.

See this page for a comparative list of basic words in modern languages for an illustrative vocabulary of linguistic filiation and the encoding the history of the cognitive practise called learning.
https://en.m.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:List_of_Proto-Indo-European_nouns

Languages are histories of ourselves, narratives about ourselves and our past, loans from our memories to make sense of living the anticipation of our future.

The archaeology of our knowledge tells us about knowledge based on our experience of everything around us that influences our ideas, our familiarity about who we are and what we consume. Languages are genealogies of our ways of learning and remembering.

Waste and pollution are the outcomes of our ways of imposing durability and immortality on our material possessions that we attach value to and what we consume and materials we do not recycle or reuse.

But Nature’s order is one of destruction in the process of creation and generation of life from decomposition of living cells. Events that are eternal in their regularity but granular, different and temporal in their occurrence.

The ontology (our understanding of the existence) of materials in nature is an event and that things that seem eternal are also temporal events in their existence on a cosmological timescale.

The perfect example is that of stone in nature and the artificial attempt at mockery of stone – concrete. Nothing is eternal and infinite but just granular and finite.

Darwin foretold the future in the science of survival, extinction, and evolution but he didn’t know that his own species would seal it’s own fate through the economics of industrialization and were not instinctively moral like he believed…

Adam Smith anticipated this crisis in the ethics of value in his moral exhortations about human behavior in the theory of moral sentiments but I wonder if he applied Darwin’s theory to the ethics of self-interest in the wealth of nations?

The hydrocarbon fuelled civilization is headed inexorably on the road to autotelic extinction. No longer treasuring the autonomous nature of human cognition and behaviour but chained to the factory produced notion of value.

And thereby hangs the tale of value in our material morals in an industrial world. Waste is something that we no longer value or have no use for. Waste is the other in our consciousness, not the same as our wants. The term waste in industry is used for downstream material, nobody wants to buy or has any use for and put in landfills.

The real “value” of wealth is in the giving like plants “give” fruit that is “food” and regenerates once again into trees eternally. Value is not ordered or particular in economics and languages but more the disorder, chaos like the din of a market place or blurring in a pool of muddy water, more the dispersal of value in nature, more the thriving of Nature.

Only humans hoard things because of their notional familiarity and value or wealth.

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Uncategorized

Topsoil Tale

The impact of the hydrocarbon economy on the soil ecology is having a devastating effect on agriculture and nutrition and in turn the economy. This type of agriculture is not sustainable.
The hydrocarbon fuelled civilization is headed inexorably on the road to extinction. Darwin foretold the future in the science of survival, extinction, and evolution but he didn’t know that his own species would screw it’s own fate through the economics of industrialization and were not instinctively moral like he believed…

Adam Smith saw this coming in his moral exhortations about human behavior in the theory of moral sentiments but I wonder if he applied Darwin’s theory to the ethics of self-interest in the wealth of nations?

Chemical fertilizers are making the top soil more saline and arid – this is evident in Bikaner on Rajasthan, Kutch, North West Karnataka and Midnapore District alongside the Bay of Bengal in India.

The manufacture of chemical fertilizer is an energy-intensive process, consuming non-renewable natural gas and releasing greenhouse gases. This type of agriculture is not sustainable.

Chemical fertilizers are making the top soil more saline – this is evident in Bikaner on Rajasthan, Kutch, North West Karnataka and Coastal Midnapore in India.
Nitrogen-based fertilizers are made from ammonia, which consumes five per cent of the natural gas produced globally.

Natural Gas is a non-renewable resource and generates the greenhouse gas – carbon containing methane when nitrogen is extracted from it. Methane is emitted during the production of fertilizer.

This quantity of natural gas amounts to two per cent of the total energy consumed globally.
The chemical fertilizer run-off from the fields increases the nutrient levels in lakes and rivers and results in a spurt in algal blooms causing marine eutrophication.
These algae may take up all of the oxygen from the water and thus ruin other marine life. The residual nitrate leaches into the groundwater increasing nitrate concentrations above the permissible level.
Urea and DAP fertilizers make soil acidic. Plantee aids soil pigmentation and restores the soil’s natural appearance discoloured by fertilizer.
Renewable nitrogen fertilizer replaces the non-renewable nitrogen derived from natural gas used to produce urea and DAP fertilizer.
PLANTEE CELLULOSIC ENZYMES HELP TO DEGRADE LIGNIN IN BIOMASS LITTER AIDING CARBON SEQUESTRATION IN SOIL AND TOPSOIL IN ARID AND DESERT SAND.
The friendly micro-organisms are in fact soil bacteria and fungus, which can engage in (a) production of nitrogen, (b) fixation of nitrogen and (c) cause mineral/metal chelation.
The growth-stimulating composting provides optimum soil health, ensures supply of balanced plant nutrients in the form of free protein(s) and trace minerals and provides a favorable environment for the nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
PLANTEE CELLULOSIC ENZYMESINCREASES CROP DURABILITY IN A WARMING CLIMATE:
Roy Research and Technology has successfully grown Swarna rice using solely Plantee in Birbhum district of West Bengal, India. This rice was tested and found to have higher starch, carbohydrate and protein content. It also withstood stress situations like flooding and drought.
Plantee protects the plant from bacteria and fungus that cause stem and root rot by building immunity. Warm and wetter weather and flooding increases the spread of fungus and bacteria on plants and crops destroying crop yield.
Plantee produces flowers that stay fresh after cutting much longer and increases the vase life of flowers. Plantee helps the flowering plant bear warmer weather because of climate change.

Plantee protects plants from heat stress and dryness due to climate change and improves root growth and photo-sensitivity in plants for better yield of fruits and vegetables.

Plantee has a very good prospect when agriculture is suffering because of heat.

Plantee naturally synchronizes with the soil biochemistry and eco-system and don’t require continuous fertilizer like the low-priced nitrogen and phosphate solutions in the guise of nutrients.

Most of the inorganic fertilizer used in agriculture is wasted in runoff to the ocean. The overall savings will be much more with Plantee because top soil will be produced in the sand or laterite soil.
We have been working on soil eco-system and bio-chemistry for almost 50 years now starting in California USA in the 1960s.

Roy Research and Technology

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Pioneering bio-chemistry for over 40 years.

Polymers and Cellulosic Polymers from Bio-refining to Oil refining – clean technology for zero-waste manufacturing and agriculture.

Roy Research and Technology.